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Using the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI)

The Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI: Morey, 1991) is an instrument designed for use in a wide range of clinical settings. The PAI consists of four sets of scales: four validity scales, eleven clinical scales covering major categories of pathology corresponding to current nosology, five treatment scales measuring constructs related to treatment and case management, and two interpersonal scales. This workshop is designed to provide a comprehensive overview of the use of this instrument as well as provide participants a working ability to utilize it in their practice. The workshop will describe the strategies employed in the development and validation of the PAI, drawing from data from the original samples as well as extensive subsequent research. Specifically, the presentation will provide: 1) an overview of the development of the PAI, with a focus on validation strategies as they apply to scale selection and interpretation; 2) an examination of the individual PAI scales and subscales and their interpretation in isolation and in combination with other scales; 3) a detailed discussion of profile validity issues, including supplemental indices and functions designed to address profile distortion, 4) a discussion of supplemental indicators addressing targeted clinical issues such as suicidality, dangerousness, substance abuse, and treatment decision-making, and 5) an introduction to configural scale constellations in exploring diagnostic hypotheses.
Workshop Content:
I. Introduction and PAI development
II. PAI scales and their interpretation 
    A. Validity scales (brief)
    B. Clinical scales and subscales
    C. Treatment consideration scales
    D. Interpersonal scales
III. Detecting and Interpreting Profile Distortion 
    A. Nonsystematic sources of distortion
    B. Systematic sources of distortion
        1. Positive distortion
        2. Negative distortion
    C. Case examples
IV. Diagnosis and Clinical decision-making
    A. Supplemental indicators: suicidality, violence, treatment decision-making
    B. Diagnostic constellations in PAI interpretation
    C. Case Examples

Workshop Objectives

List the validity scales used in the PAI
Identify the clinical scales and sub-scales in the PAI
Discuss the importance and meaning of distortion in the PAI
Identify how the PAI assists in providing a diagnosis and clinical decision making
Describe the importance of the supplemental indicators
List at least three diagnostic constellations in PAI interpretation

Presented by

Leslie Morey, Ph.D
Leslie Morey, Ph.DDr. Leslie C. Morey is Professor of Psychology at Texas A&M University. He received his Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of Florida, and has served on the faculty at Vanderbilt University, Harvard Medical School, the Yale University School of Medicine, and the University of Tulsa. He has published over 200 articles, books, and chapters on the assessment and diagnosis of mental disorders, and his work has been cited in the scientific literature over 5,000 times. He is the author of the Personality Assessment Inventory (1991), Personality Assessment Screener (1997), the Personality Assessment Inventory-Adolescent (2007), the Interpretive Guide to the Personality Assessment Inventory (1996), and Essentials of PAI Assessment (2003).